Cardiopulmonary Spatialization: Can architecture affect one's medical condition? "The sensorial experience of architecture could play a role in healing" or, as the project's owner explains, "spaces themselves should act as experiential platforms that provide a broader spectrum of environmental qualities, so that we may better understand their effects on our psychology – and ultimately, on our physiology." [BLDGBLOG]

DC and the Height of Power: "As other American fiefdoms fade, Washington looms larger than ever." [Washington Post]

Forney House Falls: A sad day for New Jerseyans who value the landmarks and neighborhoods that give our communities character: the Forney House, the stately 19th century house and clinic on Milltown’s (Middlesex County) Main Street, was demolished over the weekend, to be replaced with a drive-through facility for Valley National Bank. [PreserveNJ]

We Built This City...: Architect Teddy Cruz tracks a new kind of urban ecology: Across the border from San Diego in Tijuana, a spontaneous urban space is taking shape off the radar of city planners, as an affluent city sheds its aging houses and its pieces are reassembled into creative dwellings for the poor. [The Nation]

Historic Equals Safe: "Transportation researchers Wesley Marshall and Norman Garrick fed the facts from more than 130,000 vehicular crashes into their computers in recent months, hoping for a systematic answer to a life-and-death question: How can America’s streets and roads be made safer?" This study shows that older streets are safer than those in newly developed areas. [New Urban News]

Azerbaijan’s Carbon Neutral Zira Island:
Zira Island is a 1,000,000 sq meter island In the Caspian Sea that will soon be developed into an incredible eco-community and sustainably built resort. [Inhabitat]

And It's Groundhog Day!

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

Green Transformations (or: Back in the Blogging Saddle)

Posted on: January 30th, 2009 by Barbara Campagna

 

The Washington Monument on inauguration day.

The Washington Monument on inauguration day.

Happy New Year everyone! My apologies to regular readers who have been asking me if I fell off the blogging radar. (Yes, I did!) I took an extended blog time-out (two months) –- I seemed to need a rest after my heavy blogging months of October and November reporting from the National Trust for Historic Preservation and Greenbuild conferences. (And no snickering from my friends who will remark that my blog time-out also exactly coincides with when my new beau entered my life… so, yes, new love and blog rants seem to be mutually exclusive!).

So, what’s happened in the green preservation world since November? Need I ask such a silly rhetorical question? Our world has begun to transform significantly with the seminal change in administration last week (yes, I was on the Mall with the other two million and despite the cold, loved every minute of it). My colleague Rebecca Williams posted a really thoughtful blog on windows. My other colleagues have prepared an intriguing “green your house” survey. (Take it now!) Many of my colleagues are busy at work promoting various preservation and sustainability policies for the potential stimulus packages that our new President is suggesting. We have new cabinet members who have been working to better our environment for many years –- such as Dr. Steven Chu from Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in California who is our new Secretary of Energy. And many of my fellow bloggers in partner organizations have been busier than usual.

One of my favorite blogs is Kaid Benfield’s blog, “Switchboard: The Environment is Now Open. Plug in.” Kaid is the director of the Smart Growth Program at the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), one of our Smart Growth partners and the smart growth part of the new LEED ND rating system. Kaid often looks at the big neighborhood picture of sustainable development and preservation, and always presents insightful viewpoints. I don’t always agree with him, but I always respect his thorough, enjoyable and flexible thinking and writing. I look forward to his postings, which are at the top of my blogroll and he writes more than just about anyone I know.

Last week his blog introduced a new feature sponsored by Urban Advantage. I encourage you to take a look at a new tool that will “help bring 'America the Beautiful' to the communities where we live, work, and shop” in an environmentally sensitive and preservation-worthy approach. As per Kaid:

“With generous assistance from our friends at Urban Advantage, NRDC has created a map of the United States featuring 70 locations across the country that are ripe for transformative change. Open the map, zoom in on a location and, without leaving our web site, you will be shown a Google Maps satellite view of the existing site, given some context about the metro area, and be treated to a brief slide show demonstrating how each can be converted, step-by-step, from sprawl, vacant property or disinvestment into a lively, beautiful neighborhood . . .”

So, I encourage you to start this new year, our greenest ever, by completing our “green your house” survey and then take a look at a metropolitan region you care about on NDRC’s new map. These tools may not stop greenhouse gas emissions but they will help frame the conversation

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

Barbara Campagna

Barbara A. Campagna, FAIA, LEED AP BD+C was formerly the Graham Gund Architect of the National Trust in the Stewardship of Historic Sites office. She is currently a sustainability consultant to the National Trust and can be reached at bcampagna@bcampagna.com.

How Would You Like More Green to Go Green?

Posted on: January 29th, 2009 by Jason Clement 2 Comments

 

Green

Take our new survey to indicate which green projects – from buying new appliances to repainting – you would most likely complete if stronger tax incentives were in place.

I watch a lot of really dumb stuff on TV.

How dumb? Chances are, if a show involves a) dancing, b) following the life of someone who shouldn't be famous, or c) someone who shouldn't be famous learning how to dance, I can probably give you an episode-by-episode summary.

Apart from CNN (an obsession that I've already fessed up to on this blog), the only other deviations from this formula are the many DIY home improvement programs that I flood my DVR with.

A couple of weeks ago, I caught a show focused on greening a house that was, by all accounts, an energy-consuming monster. Everything had to go, and by the time the seemingly overly-caffeinated crew was ready for the big reveal, the house was - from the roof down to the lawn - a shining portrait of eco-friendly perfection.

Though I don't remember all of the bells and whistles (sometimes I get distracted by my nearby computer and, therefore, blogs about people who shouldn't be famous), these stuck with me: a solar power system, furniture made from reclaimed lumber, cork office flooring, Earth-friendly quartz countertops, toilets that use water recycled from roof runoff, and synthetic turf for the yard.

When it was all over and the owners stopped jumping up and down and crying like Ed McMahon was at the front door, I had two thoughts: 1) a synthetic lawn sounds like a one-way ticket to rug burn, and 2) how much did all of this cost?

As a homeowner, this is a dilemma that I find myself in all the time, usually in the aisles of my neighborhood Home Depot. "Do I spend extra on the fancy light bulbs knowing that I'll save down the road, or do I buy the dinosaurs knowing that I'll have more coins in my pocket when I leave today?"

Sadly, given today's tough economy, I assume that I'm not alone in this boat. This doesn't mean that Mother Nature isn't worth it or cutting my carbon footprint isn't important to me. It's just that I have a bottom line and, when the belt needs to get tightened, things innocently fall by the wayside.

This is precisely why the National Trust for Historic Preservation is on a mission on Capitol Hill. Realizing that it takes some green to actually go green, we have proposed that the federal Nonbusiness Energy Property Credit – which currently allows taxpayers a 10% credit capped at $500 for energy-saving products – be significantly expanded for owners of historic and older homes to 20% with an annual maximum limit of $5,000.

However, as we work our idea through Washington, we need your help in informing the process. Take a minute today to participate in our new survey, How Green Could You Be? And when you're done, leave a comment with your thoughts on becoming more eco-friendly in an anything-but-friendly economy.

And as for me, no more blogs about TV. Promise.

Take the Poll: How Green Could You Be?

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

Jason Clement

Jason Clement

Jason Lloyd Clement is the director of community outreach at the National Trust, which is really just a fancy way of saying he’s a professional place lover. For him, any day that involves a bike, a camera, and a gritty historic neighborhood is basically the best day ever.

Video: Saving Architectural Onomatopoeia

Posted on: January 28th, 2009 by Sarah Heffern 4 Comments

 

It's a gray, icy day here in Washington, DC, so I thought it was a good time to share a video of a cheery, bright preservation success story -- a former gas station in North Carolina that is now the home of the northwest regional office of our statewide partner, Preservation North Carolina. This may not sound all that exciting, but it's a gas station that's the building equivalent of onomatopoeia -- a Shell station shaped like a shell. (My officemate, who has been in the preservation game a few years longer than I have, says this is called a "duck" in the architectural world. Is that true?)

Learn more about our Statewide & Local Partners program.

Learn more about preserving Modernism + the Recent Past.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

Sarah Heffern

Sarah Heffern

Sarah Heffern is the social media strategist for the National Trust’s Public Affairs team. While she embraces all things online and pixel-centric, she’s also a hard-core building hugger, having fallen for preservation in a fifth grade “Built Environment” class.

Saving Heat, Money, AND Your Wood Windows

Posted on: January 27th, 2009 by National Trust for Historic Preservation 3 Comments

 

These days, “Go Green” is everywhere. Car manufacturers, cleaning product companies, the building industry, clothing, shoes — it seems like everyone is taking stock of their carbon footprint. As reported in Thursday's New York Times, even PepsiCo just completed a study that calculated how ‘green’ its orange juice is. (That’s 3.75 pounds of carbon dioxide emitted per each half-gallon carton if you’re counting.) And as Bob Yapp recently pointed out in a guest column in the Des Moines Register, an April 2008 Gallup poll found that 83% of Americans have made changes — small and big — in how they live in order to help protect the environment.

Here in the Northeast, heating costs in winter are always an issue. Increasingly, we are concerned about not only how much we spend on heating our homes but the carbon footprint of staying warm. Last weekend as I shoveled snow off my driveway and into a pile that was taller than I am, I started to wonder if Mother Nature was trying to get our attention by dumping over 18 inches of snow on the area in two days. I also had plenty of time to contemplate where my own energy dollars were going.

One easy way for people to better manage their energy dollars and their carbon footprints is to have an energy audit done for their home. Many cities, state agencies, utility companies, and other organizations offer programs that enable homeowners to have an audit done for free or at a reduced rate.

In Jura Konicus’ recent Washington Post article “I Need an Energy Audit, Stat!”, the author walks the reader through the energy audit of her Washington D.C. 1937 brick Colonial.

Like many older houses, the primary areas where heat loss was happening in the Konicus’ house were in the basement and attic. Any place where air escapes, heat goes out too. Typical culprits for air leaks are gaps and holes in foundations where utility services come in, gaps around pipes under sinks, access areas to attics and basements, leaks around electric outlets and switches, leaks around recessed lighting fixtures, and up chimneys that don’t have properly fitted dampers.

Many of these areas can be tightened up by the resident for a modest investment. Using caulk and expandable foam insulation to seal leaks around plumbing, heating and cooling pipes, and utility access areas, weatherstripping doors and windows, adding door sweeps, beefing up attic insulation, making sure the fireplace damper properly fits, and adding foam gaskets to outlets and switches will make a noticeable difference in your comfort and your wallet. The company that did the Koncius’ energy audit reported that investing $150 in caulk would save their family about $300 annually.

One recommendation that appeared in the Koncius’ report that is particularly noteworthy was that replacing their original wood windows was not the best place for them to start in order to improve the energy efficiency of their home. This is supported by an ever-increasing body of research that has found that a properly maintained wood window with a storm window can be just as energy efficient as a new replacement window. The easiest wood window maintenance tip? Make sure that the sash lock is tight. Not just for security, the sash lock helps seal out leaks where the top and bottom sash meet.

The Konicus’ windows had already served the house well for over 70 years. Typically, wood windows made before about 1940 — like the Konicus’ — are built with old growth wood. The tight grain of old growth wood makes them far more durable and rot resistant than newer wood. The energy audit company estimated that if they spent $12,000 replacing their windows, they would save $600 a year. However, that means it would be 20 years before they started to recoup what they spent to replace the windows. And chances are, in 20 years or less, those new windows would need to be replaced by new windows. Some calculations have shown that it can take as much as 240 years to recoup in energy saving what was spent on installing new windows. Weatherproofing the original windows is a much better — and much greener — approach. For more tips on wood window maintenance and for links to articles and studies on improving the energy efficiency of historic wood windows, click here for a tip sheet. And if you don’t want to repair your wood windows yourself, you can feel added pride in supporting your local economy by hiring a trades person to do the tune up for you.

Simple actions such as switching to compact fluorescent bulbs, turning down the thermostat on water heaters to 130 or 140 degrees Fahrenheit, installing Energy Star-rated appliances, making sure your furnace’s filter is clean, and using insulated curtains on your windows will help lower your energy bills and reduce your carbon footprint.

More information:

-- Rebecca Williams

Rebecca Williams is a field representative at the Northeast Office of the National Trust for Historic Preservation in Boston, Massachusetts.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

National Trust for Historic Preservation

National Trust for Historic Preservation

The National Trust for Historic Preservation, a privately funded non-profit organization, works to save America's historic places.