Revitalization

Preservation Round-Up: View from the Street Edition

Posted on: May 19th, 2011 by David Garber

 

A block of Washington, DC's fast-changing H Street NE. (Photo: Flickr user tedeytan)

Another reason we love preservation? Because it helps deepen the context and expand the stories of the streets, neighborhoods, towns, and cities that our work is part of. The further we go in the past, the more important specific places were for where buildings were located. People relied on weather patterns, natural light, and horse-drawn carriage travel distances. This house was built on that hill because it needed a view of that field. This building was built on that axis because it needed sunlight in that room. This community was built on that land because of that soil. It’s easy to forget those contextual needs in an age when we can light any room at any time, buy any kind of fruit in any season, and travel great distances in a short amount of time. But there’s a richness to the historical context. Today’s round-up is the “View from the Street” edition because these stories are just as much about place and placement as they are about the structures themselves.

What got me thinking about this? Earlier this week, Knox Heritage released their “Fragile Fifteen” list of endangered historic places, and most of the buildings listed are treasured because of the way they add historical context to the changing areas around them. Interestingly, most of their sites are at or controlled by the University of Tennessee (alumni, raise your voices!), whose master plan eliminates many old and original structures. Another, the Martin-Russell House, in danger of being moved:

The Martin-Russell House has remained at its original location for 175 years, a rare feat in this part of the world. Its location was determined by the modes of transportation employed during the era it was built and it still stands at a heavily traveled crossroads.

But chin up, friends, there’s a lot of good news to be had.  The High Line Park in New York City is a total triumph of contextual preservation and adaptation, and Phase 2 of the elevated railroad-turned-urban-oasis is opening in June. Enjoy this crazy awesome video that celebrates the new section of emerald goodness:

Across the country in Los Angeles, the Glendale City Council approved the design for the Museum of Neon Art. If we’re talking about views from the street, this museum is kind of the perfect fit. You’re going to want to click through to see the renderings of this building (and, if you’re anything like me, fall in love with the Virginia Court Motel Diver sign that will serve as the museum’s figurehead). Most of the signs were designed and built for very specific contexts that no longer exist, so it will be interesting to see how the museum celebrates and examines the signs’ original homes.

Here’s a fresh idea: new art designed for an old building context. In Ensched, Netherlands (but this would most definitely work in America, too), URBANSCREEN came up with the idea to project a video onto a building’s façade that examines the relationship between inside and outside, privacy and publicity.

It’s easy to think of built context apart from people and population context. For the neighborhoods surrounding Washington, DC’s fast-changing H Street NE, it’s impossible to separate the two. Sarah L. Courteau at The Wilson Quarterly wrote a piece called “New to the Neighborhood: How can you be called an urban pioneer when you move to an inner-city neighborhood where families have lived for generations?” In it, she talks about the people, relationships, and power struggles at play as her neighborhood transitions.

Walking down H Street, it’s hard not to feel a heady sense of inevitability. Change! Progress! And to hold the conviction that all the choices I make about how I live—the way I keep up my yard, the restaurants and shops I patronize, the kinds of foodstuffs I buy at the local grocery store—are contributions to a joint project of incremental improvement that’s spread among thousands of households.

The places we interact with and invest in are all part of larger contexts, and preservation and adaptation are important tools for giving those contexts character, new life, and an increased communal pride of place. What are the pieces of your community that need to be highlighted? In what small ways can you give depth to the story of your street, neighborhood, or city?

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

 

As most preservationists know, tax incentives can often be a critical deciding factor in getting a project off the ground. Convincing others of the awesomeness of tax incentives, however, can be a challenge - the words alone cause people's eyes to glaze over. And once this happens, they miss out on what a huge difference these incentives can make in revitalizing communities.

The National Park Service, by way of their YouTube channel, has come to the rescue with a short video that demonstrates the value of their Historic Preservation Tax Incentives program by looking at Washington, DC's Atlas Theater. The rehabilitation of the theater, aided by tax incentives, has contributed to the revitalization of an entire neighborhood - and speaking as someone who lives within walking distance, the change has been dramatic. (And so very welcome.)

One of the projects NPS Director Jonathan Jarvis mentions later in the video, the Crown Square Development in St. Louis, won our National Trust/HUD Award in 2010 - so it's not just projects in the shadow of the Capitol that benefit from these incentives.

So, tell your friends: historic preservation tax incentives rock! And when they give you that blinky, uncomprehending stare, show them the video. Then they'll get it.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

Sarah Heffern

Sarah Heffern

Sarah Heffern is the social media strategist for the National Trust’s Public Affairs team. While she embraces all things online and pixel-centric, she’s also a hard-core building hugger, having fallen for preservation in a fifth grade “Built Environment” class. Follow her on Twitter at @smheffern.

 

Written by David Kimmerly

The Hawley Silk Mill (background) and the Cocoon Coffee House (foreground). (Photo: David Kimmerly, Preservation Pennsylvania)

In the past two and a half years as a Partners in the Field representative for both Preservation Pennsylvania and the National Trust, there have been more unresolved issues and outright failures than there have been successes in trying to protect historic buildings. But here is a success story. Hawley Silk Mill, also known as the Bellemonte Silk Mill, was built in 1881 and is located in the Pocono Mountains in the town of Hawley, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Hawley is at the northern end of Lake Wallenpaupack, an artificial lake that now attracts thousands of visitors for sporting and recreational activities, but was created by Pennsylvania Power and Light Company in the 1920s to generate hydroelectric power. Prior to the damming of the Wallenpaupack Creek to create the lake, the waterway served as a source of power for the Hawley Silk Mill and the nearby American Rich Cut Glass Company (c.1890).

After converting uses to the Sherman Underwear Mills in the mid-20thcentury, the Hawley Silk Mill was finally abandoned in the late 1980s, used only partially as an antique store which utilized only a small portion of the building. In 2008, local hotelier Grant Genzlinger formed a partnership of local entrepreneurs to purchase the mill building and rehabilitate it using federal Historic Rehabilitation Investment Tax Credits.

The Solar Panels on the Hawley Silk Mill. (Photo: Hawley Silk Mill, LLC)

Not only did the development partnership go to great lengths to preserve the architectural integrity of the mill, they also found ways to make it more green. For example, solar panels were positioned to lie as flush as possible with the roof and are therefore not visible from the primary elevation of the building. The solar panels generate 58,000 kilowatt hours of electricity per year, and additional solar panels - and possibly even a geothermal energy system - are planned for the building.

Nearly complete, the restored silk mill includes educational, commercial and office space. Lackawanna College has already leased the third floor of the silk mill, and will hold classes there for hospitality-related majors - relating perfectly to the tourist economy of the region. The office space is partially leased to tenants that include lifestyle, health and technology services, and an art show is planned this summer to try to attract a gallery to permanently occupy a portion of the retail space. Marketing of the retail aspects of the building also includes efforts to attract an upscale antique store and a recreational outfitter. The adjacent cocoon building (remember, this started out as a silk mill) is now the Cocoon Coffee House.

The National Association of Preservation Commissions has recently released Sample Guidelines for Solar Panels in Historic Districts, and has practical advice for the appropriate installation of solar energy equipment on historic buildings.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation has recently released an article entitled Solar Panels and Historic Preservation: The National Trust’s Position on Solar Panels as well as Design Guidelines for Solar Installations.

David Kimmerly is a Partners in the Field representative for both Preservation Pennsylvania and the National Trust for Historic Preservation.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

Guest Writer

Although we're always on the lookout for blog content, we encourage readers to submit story ideas or let us know if you've seen something that might be interesting and engaging for a national audience. Email us at editorial@savingplaces.org.

Baton Rouge's Huey LongNeck Pub Crawl

Posted on: April 29th, 2011 by Guest Writer

 

Inherit Baton Rouge is a newly formed division of the Foundation for Historical Louisiana (FHL) designed to engage professionals and students under 35 who are devoted to the preservation of the cultural and historical character of Baton Rouge. Inherit Baton Rouge’s mission is to inspire its members to take an interest in the city’s treasures and invest in its heritage. FHL accomplishes this initiative through education on historic preservation and several cultural and social events. Learn more at the Foundation for Historical Louisiana's website.

Written by Leigh Danielle Honeycutt

Huey Long, perhaps Louisiana’s most famous (and infamous) governor, was not known as a preservationist. That is, until now. In 1929, Huey petitioned the state legislature to appropriate money to build a newer, nicer governor’s mansion for his family. They denied his request. Being the rogue that he was, he took matters into his own hands and in the middle of the night arranged for inmates from the local prison to “deconstruct” the home. Once the former mansion was demolished, the legislature had no choice but to apportion him money to rebuild an executive residence.

Pub crawlers fill historic Third Street in downtown Baton Rouge

Construction began immediately on what we came to know as Louisiana’s White House since Huey commissioned the mansion be a smaller replica of the Washington, DC White House. Huey was so confident that he would one day become President, he wanted to make sure he knew his way around once he took office. Complete with an East Room, Oval Office, Rose Garden and West Wing, the mansion was finished in an eager twelve months.

Huey, known for bringing his resident bartender along on out-of-town trips to mix up his favorite Ramos Gin Fizz drink, seemed like the perfect fit for our Inherit Baton Rouge kick-off event. The Huey LongNeck Historic Pub Crawl was held on April 7, 2011 and began at Huey’s House: the Old Governor’s Mansion, also the preservation headquarters for the Foundation for Historical Louisiana. An astounding 275 attendees came out and participated in pub crawl activities throughout the evening at several bars in downtown Baton Rouge including The Roux House, Lucy’s Retired Surfers Bar and Restaurant, Red Star Bar and Happy’s Irish Pub.

At each bar, organizers polled the pub crawl participants with historic trivia

At each bar, organizers polled the pub crawl participants with historic trivia and prizes were awarded. One of the prizes was a weekend stay graciously donated by the comeback King Hotel just re-opened in downtown Baton Rouge, an historical landmark where Huey often stayed. The pub crawl was a chance for younger citizens to socialize and learn about opportunities to revitalize the community through preservation. Inherit Baton Rouge plans to continue social and service events to connect its members with the organization’s mission. Who knew Huey would become such a local preservation icon? No one, that is, until now.

Watch this great video produced by the Foundation for Historical Louisiana about the relevance of historic buildings and neighborhoods as we move into the future:

Leigh Danielle Honeycutt is the Deputy Director of the Foundation for Historical Louisiana.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

Guest Writer

Although we're always on the lookout for blog content, we encourage readers to submit story ideas or let us know if you've seen something that might be interesting and engaging for a national audience. Email us at editorial@savingplaces.org.

Main Street Monday: Road Trip Edition

Posted on: April 4th, 2011 by National Trust for Historic Preservation 1 Comment

 

Written by Erica Stewart

Here’s our second installation of Main Street Monday, a monthly round-up of news stories that celebrate America’s historic downtowns and neighborhoods business districts and those people who strive to make them vibrant centers of community life.

Lititz, Pennsylvania (Photo: Flickr user Rob Watski)

Lititz, Pennsylvania (Photo: Flickr user Rob Watski)

With spring weather finally, fitfully unfolding in many parts of the country, this recent story by CNBC on towns that are worthy road trip destinations had me daydreaming. Paducah, Kentucky, Lititz, Pennsylvania and San Angelo, Texas are among those CNBC affectionately named “Time Warp Towns”. According to a local news story out of Paducah about the moniker, Time Warp Towns are “…downtowns populated with former Woolworths-turned-antique-booth malls, neon signs for Rheingold or Schaeffer, gingerbread detailing, town squares, monuments, cobblestones, and/or apple pie!”  Fans of Paducah and San Angelo must really be tickled, as this recognition comes on the heels of making the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s 2011 Dozen Distinctive Destination list.

Manistee, Michigan's Vogue Theater. (Photo: Flickr user Farlane)

Manistee, Michigan's Vogue Theater. (Photo: Flickr user Farlane)

Whether you’re fond of his films or not, there’s no debating Michael Moore’s devotion to Michigan’s historic downtown theatres. In 2007, Moore jumpstarted a volunteer-driven rehabilitation of the State Theatre in Traverse City that has won rave reviews—both for the top-notch restoration (in just six weeks!) and its tremendous downtown revitalization impact. Mr. Moore recently announced his next act will be the abandoned Vogue Theatre in Manistee, Michigan. He spoke in front of an enthusiastic crowd (especially considering the 10-degree weather) in Manistee to kick start the ambitious rehabilitation plan with his own $10,000 donation and a rousing call to action. The Downtown Development Authority has purchased the theatre, the development team is being assembled, and citizens are donating time and money to support the $1 million rehab. With that, the stage is set for a stunning transformation that puts a 73-year old theatre in the starring role of the community’s revitalization.

Our third story, to be filed under the Main Street® Really Works category, comes from Laramie, Wyoming where a regional CBS affiliate reports this community of 27,000 near the Colorado border is bucking the trend. At a time when our nation’s economic news is more bad than good, the Laramie Main Street program is driving investment downtown, drawing in new businesses, and helping existing ones grow and expand. Laramie has 300 businesses in the downtown district. Ten new ones opened in the last year, four in the last month. Business owners cite the district’s attractive, historic buildings, walkability, and the free marketing and promotion services offered by the nonprofit Laramie Main Street as strong selling points. Executive Director Trey Sherwood is working hard to keep the good news coming, interviewing potential businesses to fill the few vacancies downtown, and brainstorming with existing ones to keep cash registers ringing. Sounds like this “gem city of the plains”, a Preserve America community, deserves a place on summer road trip itineraries as well!

Erica Stewart is the outreach coordinator for the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s Communications and Marketing department.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

National Trust for Historic Preservation

National Trust for Historic Preservation

The National Trust for Historic Preservation, a privately funded non-profit organization, works to save America's historic places.

Preservation Round-Up: Thriving Main Streets Edition

Posted on: March 7th, 2011 by National Trust for Historic Preservation 1 Comment

 

Written by Erica Stewart

With the news dominated this past week by possible federal government shutdowns, showdowns on the state house steps, and of course, crazy Charlie Sheen rants, it was very refreshing to encounter three uplifting stories from places that are surviving, even thriving, in times of recession. Despite differing geography, population, economy and attributes, each example offers strong testimony to the power of Main Street to make our historic downtowns vibrant places to live, work and play—whatever the economy.

The first is courtesy of NBC Nightly News Reporter Roger O’Neil who visited Thomasville, Georgia, home to a robust Main Street revitalization program, in search of the secret to keeping its downtown humming. Despite its small population of 20,000 and the effects of the nation’s slumping economy, downtown Thomasville is thriving. Recession? What recession? Only one restaurant out of 15 in downtown Thomasville has closed, and only one of its 40 businesses has shuttered. This news comes as no great surprise to folks familiar with the National Trust’s Main Street Four Point Approach, a comprehensive revitalization strategy that uses a community’s unique assets to drive its future. Check out the clip for the keys to Downtown Thomasville’s success.

The second story takes us to the heartland, where Main Street Iowa (MSI) has reached a staggering milestone. MSI, the statewide program that coordinates the application of the Main Street approach in participating communities, announced that its local programs have attracted more than $1 billion in private investment over MSI’s 25-year history! That’s about $79 private dollars for every public dollar. MSI also expects to surpass the two million mark in volunteer hours dedicated to local Main Street programs, representing $33 million in donated time. 2011 is shaping up to be quite a banner year, as Main Street Iowa will soon welcome legions of downtown revitalization professionals, planners, officials and enthusiasts to Des Moines for the annual National Main Streets Conference in May (if you think your community could use a million or two, better meet us in Des Moines).

Liberty Avenue in Pittsburgh's Bloomfield neighborhood. (Photo: Brian Cohen, www.briancohenphotography.com)

Liberty Avenue in Pittsburgh's Bloomfield neighborhood. (Photo: Brian Cohen, www.briancohenphotography.com)

The third story takes us to the hilly neighborhoods of Pittsburgh, where once-moribund neighborhood commercial districts are starting to come alive. Take Mt. Washington, for example, and its Shiloh Street—the undisputed heart of the neighborhood that was bled dry by suburban competition starting in the 1960s. Today, thanks to the slow and steady Main Street approach, signs of life abound: “once vacant stores that are now filled with people, young families strolling the blocks, and colorful murals that have replaced the graffiti.” Its interesting architecture and unique independent business brings people out on the streets, making them safer and livelier. Mt. Washington used to be plagued by commercial vacancies. Now it has only one, and that is temporarily being leased by a church. This rejuvenation is not unique to Mt. Washington. The city has 10 Main Street programs that are reclaiming their historic neighborhood business districts without losing their soul.

Erica Stewart is the outreach coordinator for the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s Communications and Marketing department.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

National Trust for Historic Preservation

National Trust for Historic Preservation

The National Trust for Historic Preservation, a privately funded non-profit organization, works to save America's historic places.