[Preservation Tips & Tools] Six Practical Reasons to Save Old Buildings

Posted on: March 10th, 2014 by Julia Rocchi 12 Comments

New name, new format ... but same helpful content! Our 10 on Tuesday series has undergone a facelift, making it easier to read and cooler to peruse. Now called Preservation Tips & Tools, this ongoing segment will continue to share the info you need to save places in your community. Enjoy -- and share!

Adapted from the article “Nine Practical Reasons to Save Old Buildings” by Jack Neely

What is historic, and worth saving, varies with the beholder, but some definition is urgent.  Simply put, “historic” means “old and worth the trouble.” It applies to a building that’s part of a community’s tangible past. And to a degree that may surprise cynics, old buildings can offer opportunities for a community’s future.

This article examines both the cultural and practical values of old buildings and looks at why preserving them is beneficial not only for a community’s culture, but also for its local economy.

1. Old buildings have intrinsic value.

Buildings of a certain era, namely pre-World War II, tend to be built with higher-quality materials such as rare hardwoods (especially heart pine) and wood from old-growth forests that no longer exist.

Prewar buildings were also built by different standards. A century-old building might be a better long-term bet than its brand-new counterpart.

Take, for example, the antebellum Walker-Sherrill House in West Knoxville, Tenn. Until the City Council approved a zoning deal recently, the house was threatened by developers’ interests. However, following its classification as a historic site, the house -- and its five-brick-thick walls -- will be reborn as an office building that could withstand the fiercest of tornadoes.

Built in 1849, the three-bay house is one of the few remaining examples of Federal-style architecture in Knox County.
Built in 1849, the three-bay house is one of the few remaining examples of Federal-style architecture in Knox County.

2. When you tear down an old building, you never know what’s being destroyed.

A decade ago, the Daylight Building in Knoxville was a vacant eyesore. A developer purchased the property with plans to demolish the building to make way for new construction.

However, following multiple failed deals to demolish the building, the Daylight went back on the market. Dewhirst Properties bought it and began renovations only to discover the building’s hidden gems: drop-ceilings made with heart-pine wood, a large clerestory, a front awning adorned with unusual tinted “opalescent” glass, and a facade lined with bright copper.

Beyond surviving demolition and revealing a treasure trove of details, the Daylight reminds us that even eyesores can be valuable for a community’s future.

3. New businesses prefer old buildings.

In 1961, urban activist Jane Jacobs startled city planners with The Death and Life of Great American Cities, in which Jacobs discussed economic advantages that certain types of businesses have when located in older buildings.

Jacobs asserted that new buildings make sense for major chain stores, but other businesses –- such as bookstores, ethnic restaurants, antique stores, neighborhood pubs, and especially small start-ups -- thrive in old buildings.

“As for really new ideas of any kind -- no matter how ultimately profitable or otherwise successful some of them might prove to be -- there is no leeway for such chancy trial, error, and experimentation in the high-overhead economy of new construction,” she wrote. “Old ideas can sometimes use new buildings. New ideas must use old buildings.”

Jane Jacobs' book, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, asserts that the destruction of old buildings hurts communities and local economies by creating unnatural urban spaces.
Jane Jacobs' book, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, asserts that the destruction of old buildings hurts communities and local economies by creating unnatural urban spaces.

4. Old buildings attract people.

Is it the warmth of the materials, the heart pine, marble, or old brick -- or the resonance of other people, other activities? Maybe older buildings are just more interesting. The different levels, the vestiges of other uses, the awkward corners, the mixtures of styles, they’re at least something to talk about.

America’s downtown revivals suggest that people like old buildings. Whether the feeling is patriotic, homey, warm, or reassuring, older architecture tends to fit the bill. Regardless of how they actually spend their lives, Americans prefer to picture themselves living around old buildings. Some eyes glaze over when preservationists talk about "historic building stock," but what they really mean is a community's inventory of old buildings ready to fulfill new uses.

5. Old buildings are reminders of a city’s culture and complexity.

By seeing historic buildings -- whether related to something famous or recognizably dramatic -- tourists and longtime residents are able to witness the aesthetic and cultural history of an area. Just as banks prefer to build stately, old-fashioned facades, even when located in commercial malls, a city needs old buildings to maintain a sense of permanency and heritage.

6. Regret goes only one way.

The preservation of historic buildings is a one-way street. There is no chance to renovate or to save a historic site once it’s gone. And we can never be certain what will be valued in the future. This reality brings to light the importance of locating and saving buildings of historic significance -- because once a piece of history is destroyed, it is lost forever.

Steven Piccione contributed to this post. Read Jack Neely’s original article, “Nine Practical Reasons to Save Old Buildings,” at Metro Pulse.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America's historic places. Join us today to help protect the places that matter to you.

Julia Rocchi

Julia Rocchi

Julia Rocchi is the associate director for digital content at the National Trust. By day she wrangles content; by night (and weekends), she shops local, travels to story-rich places, and walks around looking up at buildings.

Preservation Tips & Tools, Tools

12 Responses

  1. Jean Kendall, Board Member

    March 11, 2014

    We are in the fund-raising stage of Phase I of our $2.5M project. I’d love to add this article to our Facebook Page. May we have your permission? We are at $700,000 of the $1.2M for the first phase that we have raised so far.

    We also have a website:
    http://www.driveroperahouse.org/

  2. Ken Arguelles

    March 12, 2014

    Very succinct post on the importance of historic preservation, I just reposted it on Facebook for my friends and family. Hopefully this will help motivate others to get involved locally. My family has worked on preserving historic projects in Miami for many years so I understand the battle and value first hand.

  3. presnation

    March 12, 2014

    Hi Jean — Yes, please feel free to share any of our articles and resources! Good luck with your project, and keep us posted on your success.

    Best,
    Julia Rocchi
    Associate Director, Digital Content

  4. Mary McMurray

    March 15, 2014

    Thank you for the post. And I’m sure that there are many more reasons for preservation which if listed would fill several pages!

  5. Lana P.

    March 18, 2014

    I agree with you, Julia! I’ve noticed how many businesses look for the old buildings, changing them into the lofts, offices and so on.
    I’ve been living in Vancouver for many years and I love our old buildings. I think we should preserve them because they’re the city’s heritage and a significant part of our culture. For instance, I really love Hotel Europe which was built in 1908, and that was over 100 years ago! I can’t imagine the city without it and I really like to look at that old hotel:)

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  7. Linda Jerviss

    March 21, 2014

    Excellent article. We are working to save our historic school from demolition and need to raise public awareness. Would you grant us permission to use this article on our facebook page & for publication? Thank you.

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  9. Henrik Count Holstein (Denmark)

    April 3, 2014

    Dear Julia,

    See how many churches and other exquisite buildings that are irrevocably torn down in your country: http://www.abandonedamerica.us/portfolio158466.html
    That would never happen in Europe.
    I hope you can convey this to the Congress.

    Best regards,
    Henrik Holstein, Roskilde Kloster, Denmark

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